Information about Cord Blood Collection
Inadequate knowledge about the cord blood collection and processing is pushing many new parents away from donating cord blood cells. Hence, comprehensive information on steps of collection, processing and storage of cord blood cells is required to educate the sane and help to release the fear of unknown risks. Cord blood collection methods like post or pre delivery don’t expose the child to any kind of risk and pain. With all kinds of therapeutic benefits of cord blood cells, disposable umbilical cord is worthy of being stored to retrieve the diverse life opportunities.
Types of cord blood collection methods- The blood storage has two prior steps:
Processing– The first and the foremost step of blood collection are processing. There are two methods and both of them are considered as the safe method. Collection method vary according to the period of collection
Ex utero method involves placing the placenta in a sterile supporting structure, where the clamped and cut off umbilical cord is injected with a syringe to drain the blood cells in the nag.
In utero or before the placenta is delivered. This method refers to the collection that takes place when the doctor or midwife is waiting for the placenta to be delivered or for the tenure of 5 to 10 minutes before the same procedure, except its time of collection. Both the women are undergoing vaginal and cesarean delivery can consider donating the umbilical cord blood deliveries. However, if during the final stage of pregnancy, complications can easily rise., the cord blood bank and the doctors may choose to abandon the plan of cord blood collection. Along with the collecting blood cells from umbilical vein, mother’s blood gets collected to diagnose if there are any infectious disease according to the regulations. Around 40 to 150 ml stem cells are drained from the umbilical cords to collect adequate cells for transplantation. The specialists will try to collect as cord blood as much as possible. In case the cord blood cells collected are not sufficient, the blood is preserved for the possible stem cell expansion or in case the parents agree, then for research. After the collection, blood cells are then forwarded to the cord blood bank facility selected by the parents. Blood bank center then test and detect the blood to check the presence of infectious diseases or typecasting the tissues.
Processing of Cord Blood Cells
After cord blood banking, samples are transferred to the labs within 36 to 48 hours of collection. There are different opinion that have suggested ways of processing the cord cells. Laboratories like CLIA are certified, and at the similar time are registered with FDA test mother’s disease like hepatitis, HLTV, HIV, malaria and CMV. The processing part, along with the disease status signify that the blood cells are eligible to be used for transplanting on family member beside autologous use. A point to note here is that the mother has to undergo a special test to check if she is eligible for cord blood collection donation.